Writing a graphic score board

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Writing a graphic score board

Let's teach it in every content area. Having students write across the disciplines would transform K—12 education. If grounded in generous amounts of reading and discussion, this practice could have more impact on college and career success than any other factor Conley, To achieve this transformation, we must first acquaint every educator with the ironclad case for all students regularly writing.

Then we need to simplify and demystify the purpose of academic writing—and writing instruction—while helping practitioners see that generous amounts of writing doesn't mean onerous amounts of "paper-grading.

Making the Case Unfortunately, few teachers ever learn about writing's "incredible" power to "enable thought to operate much more deeply" on everything we read and learn Walshe, Although teachers realize writing's general importance, most aren't adequately aware of the fact that higher-order, analytic thought likely isn't possible without engaging in some form of writing, or that we can literally "write our way" into a deeper understanding of complex texts or concepts that previously mystified us Zinsser, Decades of research attest to writing's unrivaled ability to facilitate understanding and help people evaluate, reconstitute, and synthesize knowledge.

Writing enables students to generate their best thinking in its most effective form National Commission on Writing, ; Sundeen, That's why writing and speaking constitute the most sought-after skill set in business and industry and why many corporate recruiters rank these abilities twice as high as managerial skills Hurley, Writing plays a more significant role in the school systems in countries that score high on PISA than it does in the schools in the United States Darling-Hammond, ; Ripley, But extensive student writing is a frighteningly low priority in U.

For instance, in one extensive five-state study, students received instruction in writing for only six percent of class time—and worse yet, most of that instruction wasn't in composing, but consisted of filling in the blanks, short answers, and the like Sundeen, Schools' inattention to writing puts me in mind of a scene in the Tom Wolfe novel Bonfire of the Vanities—cited by Linda Darling-Hammond in her book The Flat World and Education—in which a parent calls the principal at his son's high school to ask why his son does so little written work.

There hasn't been any written work at Rupert High for fifteen years!

They take multiple choice tests. That's the big thing. The Rudiments of Academic Writing We can change this reality by first deeply educating every prospective and practicing educator on the still-unsung impact of writing on thinking and learning, then clarifying some basics of interdisciplinary writing and writing instruction.

Yes, English class is the primary province of writing and its instruction. But because of writing's intimate connection to generating and expressing new knowledge, teachers in every subject should master the rudiments of academic writing so they can guide students in learning those skills.

We dare not complicate this. Every teacher should acquire a reasonable facility with the following basic moves of content-area writing instruction, skills that lead to "thinking on paper": Read texts—or examine data—for academic purposes by underlining, annotating, or note-taking as you read an integral element of effective writing.


Identify those notes, quotes, or underlined portions of text that best address the purpose of your analysis. Write to explore, clarify, or explain how those selected portions support your arguments, observations, and interpretations.

As a former college writing instructor, I know that if my students had had a chance to master such fundamental skills in their K—12 years, it would have improved their writing, thinking, and academic capacities by orders of magnitude. David Conley's exhaustive study of college success confirms this.

writing a graphic score board

The experiences of a growing number of schools indicate that the impact of including writing in multiple disciplines could be both large and nearly immediate. View Park Preparatory High School in Los Angeles instituted a home-grown program to ensure that argumentative text-based writing occurred regularly in every discipline.

Bachelor of Arts–Art History Major

In chemistry, for instance, View Park 10th graders write an argument about the primary causes of fish kills in a local river; in math, 9th grade students argue whether two different shapes can have the same area. As View Park did, schools will need to more explicitly specify—and quantify—the amount, length, and frequency of writing assignments.

This will vary by subject area. The guidelines can consist of specifications for everything from short one- or two-paragraph assignments to quarterly writing assignments that resemble what students will be asked to write in college.

Promoting Analytic Thought Writing—and practice with writing skills—can be easily integrated into the content areas by having students respond to simple, versatile questions, sentence stems, and prompts that have a bias toward argument.

Variations on the above could be used to teach innumerable topics in any subject.Definition of score - the number of points, goals, runs, etc. achieved in a game or by a team or an individual, a group or set of twenty or about twenty.

Home page for AP students, prospective students and their families. The College Board’s AP courses are college-level classes in a wide variety of subjects that you can take while still in high school.

Providing educators and students access to the highest quality practices and resources in reading and language arts instruction. On your turn, you will roll all six dice.

Any scoring dice are set aside.

Writing Instruction Resources

If you want to keep that score, you stop. If you want to attempt to raise your score, you re-roll the non-scoring dice. Writing enables deeper thinking and learning in every content area. Let's teach it in every content area.

Having students write across the disciplines would transform K–12 education. If grounded in generous amounts of reading and discussion, this practice could have more impact on college and.

Students pursuing graduate work leading to teaching, museology, art criticism or dealing in works of art will be counseled on course selection. ­For students considering graduate work in art history, 18 hours of German or French are strongly recommended.

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