Within the middle dialogues, it is uncontroversial that the Phaedo was written before the Republic, and most scholars think it belongs before the Symposium as well. His most famous theory, the theory of Forms, is presented in four different places in the dialogue. Plato draws attention at 59b to the fact that he himself was not present during the events retold, suggesting that he wants the dialogue to be seen as work of fiction.
PHIL Handout 5: Perhaps the soul is analogous to the attunement or the harmony of a lyre.
Just as the attunement of the lyre is the result of various tensions and weights of its strings i. Compare the concept of the soul to that of life or health. Neither are something in addition to the physical components of the body. Rather they are the result of appropriate functioning and organization of the body.
Though Simmias does not say so, it could be argued that the activities associated with the soul or mind --i. Some approaches to the mind.
If the soul is immortal then dualism is true. And the refutation of dualism implies the refutation of the immortality of the soul but does not exclude the possibility of a resurrection. Obviously, Plato is a Dualist as is Descartes.
If Materialism is true, soul-talk is just matter-talk. Hobbes is among the famous Materialists historically, and many contemporary philosophers are Materialists as well.
Epiphenomenalism is sometimes classified as a form of Dualism and sometimes as a form of Materialism. The most famous Epiphenomenalist is T. That is, physical objects do not exist independently of minds, and there is no "matter" out of which physical objects are made.
Idealism is incompatible with both Dualism and Materialism. Berkeley is a well-known Idealist more on him later!
The position is inconsistent with the agreed results of the Recollection argument. Argument from the Degrees of Harmony: The soul is something that has more or less harmony, but cannot be a harmony itself.Simmias' objection comparing the soul to the attunement of a musical instrument is closely linked to Pythagorean thought.
The Pythagoreans believed in the divinity of music, and in the notion that the motion of the celestial spheres is dictated by perfect harmonies. Nov 09, · Simmias harmony argument essay Posted by on November 9, The television essay glass Essay in literature water conservation Essay on nature of indian (argumentative essay washington gun control thesis) example research question paper in .
(Simmias is playing Devil's Advocate.) B. Argument from the Degrees of Harmony:  Every soul is a soul to the same extent as any other soul (i.e., being a soul is not a matter of degree).
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I. Recall Simmias' Objection: Perhaps the soul is analogous to the attunement or the harmony of a lyre. A. Just as the attunement of the lyre is the result of various tensions and weights of its strings (i.e., a purely physical feature), so the soul may be the result purely physical features of the body.