The worker bees rotate through the cluster from the outside to the inside so that no bee gets too cold.
Worker, Drone and Queen. Each has its own important roles and performs specific duties in a bee colony. Her function in the hive is one of production. She is normally the only reproductive female in the colony.
Egg-laying begins in early spring, initiated when the first fresh pollen is brought home by the workers. Egg production will continue until fall, or as long as pollen is available. At the height of her productivity, the queen could lay as many as eggs each day.
A queen bee can live for up to five years, but her period of usefulness rarely exceeds two or three years. Younger queens produce many more eggs, and older ones may produce excessive drones. Many beekeepers re-queen their colonies every year or two. Older queens are often superseded replaced by the workers without any assistance, or even knowledge, of the beekeeper.
Good quality queens can be reared by an experienced beekeeper, but a beginner will usually do better to buy good queens from a reputable producer.
Queen bees also produce a pheromone known as queen substance. This mixture of chemicals is passed individually from bee to bee throughout the entire hive as they share food.
If a queen bee is removed from a colony, the workers will notice her absence within several hours because of the drop in the level of this pheromone. This queenless state quickly initiates the urge to rear a new "emergency" queen from the youngest available larvae days old.
After a period of queenlessness, some may become laying workers. Workers also evaluate their queen based on the quantity of the pheromones she produces. If workers begin to receive an insufficient dose each day, they may perceive her as poor quality, and begin making preparations to supersede her.
All workers are female, and normally incapable of reproduction. They are unable to mate, but in a hopelessly queenless colony, workers may begin to lay unfertilized eggs, which develop into drones. Workers do all of the necessary tasks within a colony. They secrete the wax used in the hive, and form it into honeycombs.
They forage for all of the nectar and pollen brought into the hive, and transform the nectar into honey. They produce royal jelly to feed to the queen and young larvae. They also tend to the needs of the larvae and queens.
They cap the cells of mature larvae for pupation and remove debris and dead bees from the hive. Worker bees defend the hive against intruders and maintain optimal conditions by heating, cooling and ventilating the hive.
Workers have well-developed compound eyes on the sides of their heads, and three simple eyes ocelli at the vertex.
Their tongue is well developed and elongated for taking up nectar from flowers. Workers reared in the spring and early summer tend to live for five to six weeks. The first two weeks of their lives is spent as house bees, doing tasks in the hive.
The remainder of their time is spent as field bees, foraging for food outside the hive. Workers that reach maturity in the late fall may live well into the following spring. They must maintain a cluster of bodies around the queen bee, keeping her warm through the winter months.
Later, when egg-laying resumes, they must raise the first generation of young bees the next year. Drones are the male honey bees. They are visibly larger and stouter than workers. They possess large distinctive eyes that meet on the top of their heads, and have antennae slightly longer than the workers or queen.Apr 21, · Apis mellifera is the most commonly domesticated species of honey bees, probably originated in Tropical Africa and spread from there to Northern Europe and East into Asia.
Distribution of the species extends from northern Europe to southern Africa, and from the British Isles to the Ural Mountains, western Iran, and the Arabian peninsula.
The western honey bee or European honey bee is the most common of the 7–12 species of honey bee worldwide. The genus name Apis is Latin for "bee", and mellif.
The honey bee managed in North America is the western honey bee Apis mellifera L.
But the western honey Bee, Apis mellifera, is the most common bee kept for honey and pollination around the world. Originating in Africa, the western honey bee spread across the entire continent and into Europe and the Middle East, . The European honey bee, also known as the common or western honey bee (Apis mellifera) is so named because it produces large amounts of honey. It is believed that the honey bee originated in Africa and spread to northern Europe, India, and ph-vs.comific name: Apis mellifera. The honey bee managed in North America is the western honey bee Apis mellifera L. The generic name Apis means “bee-like,” and students of Romance languages will note in the specific name mellifera echoes of the word “honey.” Thus the Latin translates loosely to bee-like-honey-loving-insect.
The generic name Apis means “bee-like,” and students of Romance languages will note in the specific name mellifera echoes of the word “honey.” Thus the Latin translates loosely to bee-like-honey-loving-insect.
Apis Mellifera: The Life of the Western Honey Bee. the Western Honey Bee has proven to be of many uses to the human society. The study of the honey bee has shown the true intricacy and efficiency of Honey bee Life. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON Honey ESSAY EXAMPLES SPECIFICALLY FOR YOU.
Order now. Apr 04, · Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, and are known for their role in pollination and for producing honey and beeswax. The western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is the most common of the 7–12 species of honey bee worldwide.
  The genus name Apis is Latin for "bee", and mellifera is the Latin for "honey-bearing", referring to the species' production of honey.